Jan Sunwai or Public Hearing is a process by which people who may be affected by a particular action or decision have the opportunity to ask questions, make submissions or register objections to a panel of experts. The panel may comprise of elected representatives, government officials, non-government organizations, experts from the field, media, etc.
It is a formal meeting designed to provide the public with an opportunity to express their support or opposition for any project or scheme in an open forum. Such hearings are especially useful for people living in rural areas and small towns. It gives them a platform to voice their concerns and provides for speedy justice and instant resolution.
Samarthan uses this tool to the fullest in providing the voice to the voiceless in small towns of Madhya Pradesh. We have conducted several public hearings in these towns to improve the implementation of various social security schemes. Through public hearings, numerous eligible candidates who were denied the benefits of these schemes were able to submit their applications and got approval instantly. The process also helped the administration to find poor and vulnerable citizens who were left out of the social safety net.
The whole process of public hearing comprises of three stages. It begins with a door-to-door survey of the poorest and needy families in the backward areas of the town. Based on the survey a report on various issues in the implementation of these schemes is prepared for the the public hearing. During the public hearing, citizens are invited to voice their grievances in front of the panel comprising of the chief municipal officer, elected representatives, senior journalists and citizen leaders. Grievances raised during the public hearing are resolved immediately and decisions are taken for other issues raised by the public. After the public hearing a follow-up of decisions taken is done to ensure the implementation of these decisions.
|Number of families who received benefits at public hearing|
1. 178 people got arrears of Rs. 550 each in Hatta town
2. 3000 fresh applications were filed for availing the benefits of social security schemes
3. 809 beneficiaries got their pension amount raised
4. Systematic and separate registers are being maintained at various urban bodies and receipts are also being given to applicants
Samarthan successfully organised a state-level Public Hearing on the issues emerging from the mandatory social audits we had facilitated in 10 districts of Madhya Pradesh. Held on 22nd January 2013 at Gandhi Bhawan, Bhopal, the Public Hearing managed to draw almost 150 beneficiaries and Panchayat representatives from 10 villages. In keeping with its commitment to strengthen the [...]
In Sehore, a district which has been blazing the trail for effective implementation of Panchayati Raj in the state, Sarpanches and Secretaries demonstrated disinclination towards Social Audit on MGNREGA in the 15th August Gram Sabha. Despite this reluctance, wherever Social Audits were conducted, a number of problems being faced by the laborers were highlighted and [...]
JANSUNWAI ON PDS IMPLEMENTATION IN URBAN WARDS OF RAIPUR CITY PDS is flagship program of the Chhattisgarh State and it is known for the better policy and implementation of this scheme. We have conducted study in two urban wards of Raipur city to assess the efficacy of PDS implementation. We interviewed beneficiaries of various categories, [...]
दतिया जिले में सामाजिक सुरक्षा योजनाओं पर सामाजिक अंकेक्षण व जन सुनवाई “सुनवाई करते प्रोफेसर विष्णु महापात्र (फोर्ड फाउंडेशन)” 13 नवम्बर 2010, नगरीय निकायों में निराश्रितों की सामाजिक सुरक्षा का सुनिश्चित करने हेतु समर्थन सेन्टर फार डेव्लपमेंट सपोर्ट भोपाल द्वारा नगर पालिका दतिया के वार्ड 22 में ईदगाह के पीछे सामाजिक अंकेक्षण व जन सुनवाई [...]
पन्ना जिले में सामाजिक सुरक्षा योजनाओं पर सामाजिक अंकेक्षण व जन सुनवाई कलेक्टर की उपस्थिति से मिला कई निराश्रितों को हक बेवा पार्वती बसोर को मिली तत्काल राहत नगर पालिका और समर्थन के सहयोग से आयोजित जनसुनवाई में सामाजिक सुरक्षा की पात्रता रखने वाले निराश्रित लोगों ने अपनी बात जिला कलेक्टर, नगर पालिका अध्यक्ष श्रीमती [...]
In the 10 Gram Panchayats of Sehore and Panna, budgets were tracked bottom- up and top- down to understand the blockages and leakages in the process. The Panchayat and Janpad budget and expenditure details were verifies against data available on ground – beneficiary details, muster rolls, job cards etc. The Social Audit of NREGS [...]
Social Audits on the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) The NREGA was launched in 2006 in 18 districts in Madhya Pradesh and a further 13 districts the year after. It ensures at least 100 days employment for all rural households. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) allows the Panchayats to implement systems for [...]